This is an important time for the judicial systems of the Czech Republic and of Europe. To put it bluntly all European judicial systems are under pressure. Years of austerity and economic recession have made it difficult for all of us to uphold and improve the standards of justice that we aspire to. But here the debate is even more crucial as you consider the future organisation of your justice system in a world where views vary widely. I very much hope that we will have an edifying and constructive debate over the next 2 days.