AQ1 and another -v- DR1 (anonymity order)
High CourtKing's Bench DivisionAnonymity Order
Claim Number: QB-2021-MAN-000001
In The High Court Of Justice
King’s Bench Division
Manchester District Registry
27 January 2023
His Honour Judge Sephton KC
(A Child proceeding by her Mother & Litigation Friend CQ1)
(A Child proceeding by his Mother & Litigation Friend CQ1)
Warning: you must comply with the terms imposed upon you by this order: otherwise your case is liable to be struck out or some other sanction imposed. If you cannot comply you are expected to make a formal application to the court before any deadline imposed upon you expires.
Before His Honour Judge Sephton KC sitting as a Judge of the High Court at the Civil Justice Centre Manchester on 27th January 2023
UPON HEARING Counsel for the Claimants and Leading Counsel for the Defendant
WHEREAS the Claimants have made a claim (‘the Claim’) against the Defendant for personal injuries and losses suffered by them arising out of the Defendant’s negligence on 22nd February 2012
AND WHEREAS the Claimants are children and bring their claims by their Mother and Litigation Friend
AND UPON an application being made prior to the approval hearing in this matter
- Consideration of the Article 8 rights of the Claimants to respect for private and family life, and the Article 10 right to freedom of expression.
- It appearing that non-disclosure of the identity of the Claimants is necessary to secure the proper administration of justice and in order to protect the interests of the Claimants and that there is no sufficient countervailing public interest in disclosure.
- The Defendant indicating its neutrality to the making of the order and there being no representations from the press or any other interested party.
- AND PURSUANT to section 6 of the Human Rights Act 1998, section 11 of the Contempt of Court Act 1981, and CPR rules 5.4C, 5.4D and 39.2(4).
WHEREAS for the purposes of this order:
- “Publication” includes any speech, writing, broadcast, or other communication in whatever form (including internet and social media), which is addressed to the public at large or any section of the public. (A non- exhaustive list of examples of communications and records which would not constitute publication within the meaning of this order is contained in the appended Explanatory Note).
- Publication for the purpose of this Order includes any further publication (as defined in subparagraph (i) above) from the date of this Order, even if such information has derived from a previous stage or stages of these proceedings.
IT IS ORDERED THAT:
- The identity of the Claimants, or either of them, as parties to these proceedings is confidential and shall not be published.
- Pursuant to CPR Rule 39.2(4), there shall not be disclosed in any report of these proceedings or other publication the name or address of either Claimant, the Claimants’ Litigation Friend or the Defendant or other immediate family members of the Claimants, or any details (including other names, addresses, or a specific combination of facts) that could lead to the identification of the Claimants in these proceedings. The Claimants, the Litigation Friend and the Defendant shall be referred to as set out at paragraph 8 of this Order.
- In any judgment or report of these proceedings, or other publication (by whatever medium) in relation thereto:
a. The First Claimant shall be referred to as “AQ1”.
b. The Second Claimant shall be referred to as “BQ2”.
c. The Litigation Friend shall be referred to as “CQ3”.
d. The Defendant shall be referred to as “DR1”
e. Any other details which, on their own or together with other information publicly available, may lead to the identification of the Claimants or either of them (including any names of other immediate family members or their addresses) shall be redacted before publication.
- Pursuant to CPR Rules 5.4C and 5.4D:
a. A person who is not a party to the proceedings may not obtain a copy of a statement of case, judgment or order from the Court records unless the statement of case, judgment or order has been anonymised in accordance with subparagraphs 8.1 to 8.5 above.
b. If a person who is not a party to the proceedings applies (pursuant to CPR r.5.4C(1B) or (2)) for permission to inspect or obtain a copy of any other document or communication, such application shall be on at least 7 days’ notice to the Claimants’ solicitor, trustee or deputy.
- The Claimants’ solicitor shall file with the Court an electronic (PDF) bundle of the statements of case that has been anonymised in accordance with paragraph 8 above within 28 days of this order and re-filed in the event that any statement of case is amended, within 28 days of such amendment being approved.
- The Court file shall be clearly marked with the words “An anonymity order was made in this case on 27th January 2023 and any application by a non-party to inspect or obtain a copy document from this file must be dealt with in accordance with the terms of that Order.”
- Any interested party, whether or not a party to the proceedings, may apply to the Court to vary or discharge this Order, provided that any such application is made on 7 days’ notice to the Claimants’ solicitor, trustee or deputy.
- Pursuant to the ‘Practice Guidance: Publication of Privacy and Anonymity Orders’ issued by the Master of the Rolls dated 16 April 2019 a copy of this Order shall be published on the Judicial Website of the High Court of Justice (www.judiciary.uk). For that purpose, a court officer will send a copy of the
order by email to the Judicial Office at j email@example.com.
- The costs of obtaining this order be costs in the case.
Service of this Order by the Court on all parties
- The order defines the scope of ‘publication’ and makes clear that it is a communication which is “addressed to the public at large or any section of the public”. Set out below is a non-exhaustive list of examples of communications and records which would not constitute publication within the meaning of this order (providing always that proper steps are taken to protect the confidentiality of information from being made public). In this list references to ‘the anonymised party’ include that party’s appointed representatives and advisers, such as solicitor, Litigation Friend, attorney, trustee and deputy.
(i) Communications between the Court Funds Office and the anonymised party in relation to the payment of money into the Court Funds Office for the benefit of the anonymised party or the investment or treatment of payment out of such money.
(ii) Communications between the Court Funds Office, the anonymised party, and any financial institution concerned as to the receipt or investment of such money.
(iii) Records kept by the Court Funds Office, the anonymised party, and any financial institution concerned as to the receipt or investment of the Claimants’ money.
(iv) Retention by all parties to the claim, their representatives, and their advisers of their unredacted files for the purposes of their continuing functions and obligations in relation to the proceedings.
(v) Communications between the Defendant(s), their insurers, or their successors in title and their legal and professional advisers, reinsurers, HM Revenue and Customs (or its successor), the Compensation Recovery Unit or any other person required by law.
(vi) Communications between the anonymised party’s representatives and advisers in managing that party’s affairs.
(vii) Communications for the purpose of obtaining medical care, advice or treatment for the anonymised party.
(viii) Communications by or on behalf of a paying party for the purposes of ascertaining whether the anonymised party is alive, so entitled to continuing periodical payments.