RXS and others -v- Charles D’Amato and others (anonymity order)

High CourtKing's Bench DivisionAnonymity Order

Claim Number: QB- 2022-000520

In the High Court of Justice
King’s Bench Division

20 March 2023


Before Mrs Justice Lambert


1) RXS (a child by his litigation friend DXS)

2) KXS (a child by his litigation friend DXS)

3) RKS

4) DXS


(1) Charles D’Amato
(2) Malta Transport Authority (the Land Transport Directorate)
(3) Infrastructure Malta (Executive Agency of Ministries of Transport, Infrastructure and Capital Projects)
(4) City Sightseeing Malta
(5) Mapfre Middlesea PLC (A company registered in accordance with the laws of Malta)


UPON HEARING Sarah Crowther KC one of His Majesty’s Counsel on behalf of the Claimants and Charles Dougherty KC one of His Majesty’s Counsel on behalf the Fifth Defendant sitting at the Royal Courts of Justice on Monday 20 March 2023


  1. Consideration of the Article 8 rights of the Claimants to respect for private and family life, and the Article 10 right to freedom of expression.
  2. It appearing that non-disclosure of the identity of the Claimants is necessary in order to protect the interests of the Claimants and that there is no sufficient countervailing public interest in disclosure.
  3. The Fifth Defendant indicating its neutrality to the making of the Order and there being no representations from the press or any other interested party.

AND PURSUANT to section 6 of the Human Rights Act 1998; section 11 of the Contempt of Court Act 1981; and CPR rules 5.4C, 5.4D and 39.2(4).


  1. For the purposes of this Order:
    (a) ‘Publication’ includes any speech, writing, broadcast, or other communication in whatever form (including internet and social media), which is addressed to the public at large or any section of the public.
    (b) Publication for the purpose of this Order includes any further publication (as defined in subparagraph (a) above) from the date of this Order, even if such information has derived from a previous stage or stages of these proceedings.
  2. For the avoidance of doubt, set out below is a non-exhaustive list of examples of communications and records which do not constitute publication within the meaning of this Order (providing always that proper steps are taken to protect the confidentiality of information from being made public). In this list references to ‘the anonymised party’ include that party’s appointed representatives and advisers, such as solicitor, Litigation Friend, attorney, trustee and deputy.
    (a) Communications between the Court Funds Office and the anonymised party in relation to the payment of money into the Court Funds Office for the benefit of the anonymised party or the investment or treatment of payment out of such money.
    (b) Communications between the Court Funds Office, the anonymised party, and any financial institution concerned as to the receipt or investment of such money.
    (c) Records kept by the Court Funds Office, the anonymised party, and any financial institution concerned as to the receipt or investment of the Claimant’s money.
    (d) Retention by all parties to the claim, their representatives and their advisers of their unredacted files for the purposes of their continuing functions and obligations in relation to the proceedings.
    (e) Communications between the Defendants, and their legal and professional advisers, HM Revenue and Customs (or its successor), the Compensation Recovery Unit or any other person required by law.
    (f) Communications between the anonymised party’s representatives and advisers in managing that party’s affairs.
    (g) Communications for the purpose of obtaining medical care, advice or treatment for the anonymised party.
  3. The Court file shall be clearly marked with the words “An anonymity order was made in this case on 20 March 2023 and any application by a non-party to inspect or obtain a copy document from this file must be dealt with in accordance with the terms of that Order”.
  4. Any interested party, whether or not a party to the proceedings, may apply to the Court to vary or discharge this Order, provided that any such application is made on notice to the Claimant’s solicitor, trustee or deputy, and that 7 days’ prior notice of the intention to make such an application is given.
  5. Pursuant to the ‘Practice Guidance: Publication of Privacy and Anonymity Orders’ issued by the Master of the Rolls dated 16 April 2019 a copy of this Order shall be published on the Judicial Website of the High Court of Justice (www.iudiciarv.uk). For that purpose, a court officer will send a copy of the order by email to the Judicial Office at judicialwebupdatcs@iudiciarv.uk.
  6. The costs of obtaining this order be costs in the case.


  1. The identity of the Claimants as a party to these proceedings is protected and shall not be published in England and Wales.
  2. Pursuant to CPR Rule 39.2(4), there shall not be disclosed in any report of these proceedings or other publication the name or address of the Claimants or other immediate family members, or any details (including other names, addresses, or a specific combination of facts) that could lead to the identification of them as the Claimants in these proceedings. The Claimants and the Litigation Friend shall be referred to as set out at paragraph 3 of this Order.
  3. In any judgment or report of these proceedings, or other publication (by whatever medium) in relation thereto:
    (a) The First Claimant shall be referred to as RXS
    (b) The Second Claimant shall be referred to as KXS
    (c) The Third Claimant shall be referred to as RKS
    (d) The Fourth Claimant shall be referred to as DXS
    (e) Any other details liable to lead to the identification of the Claimants (including any names of other immediate family members or their addresses) shall be redacted before publication.