Ruth Eggleton: Prevention of future deaths report

Other related deaths

Skip to related content

Date of report: 03/07/2024

Ref: 2024-0354

Deceased name: Ruth Eggleton

Coroner name: Amanda Bewley

Coroner Area: Nottingham City and Nottinghamshire

Category: Other related deaths

This report is being sent to: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence

1    National Institute for Health and Care Excellence
I am Amanda BEWLEY, HM Assistant Coroner for the coroner area of Nottingham City and Nottinghamshire
I make this report under paragraph 7, Schedule 5, of the Coroners and Justice Act 2009 and regulations 28 and 29 of the Coroners (Investigations) Regulations 2013.
On 10 May 2023, I commenced an investigation into the death of Ruth Diane Eggleton. The investigation concluded at the end of the inquest on 2 July 2024.

The conclusion of the inquest was a narrative conclusion:  
Ruth Diane Eggleton fell whilst gardening, sustaining a head injury. Rivaroxaban was not withheld or reversed, and Mrs Eggleton was discharged from hospital on 2 April 2023, both of which more than minimally, negligibly or trivially contributed to her death from traumatic subdural haemorrhage.
On 2 April 2023, Ruth Diane Eggleton fell in her garden, sustaining a brain injury. A CT head scan undertaken on 2 April 2023 revealed a small subdural haemorrhage. Mrs Eggleton was anticoagulated with Rivaroxaban which was neither reversed nor discontinued on 2 April 2023. Mrs Eggleton was discharged from hospital on 2 April 2023.  

Had Mrs Eggleton remained in hospital for neurological observations in accordance with NICE guidelines, she would have more than likely survived as those observations would have revealed Mrs Eggleton’s deterioration early on which would have led to reversal and cessation of Rivaroxaban, and allowed for surgical evacuation of the haemorrhage before Diane was too neurologically compromised. The subdural haemorrhage continued to ooze, contributed to by ongoing anticoagulation with Rivaroxaban. The continuation of Rivaroxaban more than minimally contributed to Mrs Eggletons’ death.
During the course of the investigation my inquiries revealed matters giving rise to concern. In my opinion there is a risk that future deaths could occur unless action is taken. In the circumstances it is my statutory duty to report to you.
The MATTERS OF CONCERN are as follows:
(brief summary of matters of concern)
1. There is a lack of evidence-based protocol for determining when to withhold and/or reverse DOAC, and when to prescribe alternative anticoagulant medication. I heard evidence from clinicians that the lack of such a protocol has led to divergence of practice amongst clinicians.
I am not reassured that necessary actions to address the serious issue identified are in place.
In my opinion action should be taken to prevent future deaths and I believe you (and/or your organisation) have the power to take such action.
You are under a duty to respond to this report within 56 days of the date of this report, namely by August 27, 2024. I, the coroner, may extend the period.
Your response must contain details of action taken or proposed to be taken, setting out the timetable for action. Otherwise you must explain why no action is proposed.
I have sent a copy of my report to the Chief Coroner and to the following Interested Persons


Doncaster & Bassetlaw Teaching Hospitals Sheffield Teaching Hospitals
I have also sent it to
Department of Health and Social Care DHSC The Royal College of Surgeons
The Society of British Neurological Surgeons Royal College of Pathologists
British Society of Haematology Royal Society of Medicine
The Royal College of Physicians British Cardiac Society
who may find it useful or of interest.
I am also under a duty to send a copy of your response to the Chief Coroner and all interested persons who in my opinion should receive it.
I may also send a copy of your response to any person who I believe may find it useful or of interest.

The Chief Coroner may publish either or both in a complete or redacted or summary form. He may send a copy of this report to any person who he believes may find it useful or of interest.
You may make representations to me, the coroner, at the time of your response about the release or the publication of your response by the Chief Coroner.
903 July 2024
HM Assistant Coroner for Nottingham City & Nottinghamshire