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There are dozens of different types of appeals and disputes which are heard in tribunals. Tribunals have their own processes and rules. Tribunal decisions are available on this website.

Proceedings in tribunals are often relatively informal compared to the courts. Although some types of hearings take place in rooms which look very much like a court (for example in Immigration and Asylum cases) others have the tribunals judges and members and the user sitting around a table (for example in Social Security appeals).

Tribunal users often appear without legal representation so the judges and members generally explain the proceedings to users and ask questions to get more information about the case they are hearing.

To find out about an individual tribunal (external link, opens in a new tab), visit the Justice website.

For more general information about tribunals and tribunal judges, visit the Tribunals page (opens in a new tab) on our site.